Sexual Assault & Rape

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He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds. — Psalm 147:3

What Is Sexual Assault And Rape?

Sexual assault and rape are both crimes in America and crimes against humanity according to the United Nations. Sexual violence and rape are the acts whereby one person/persons uses force or threatens to use force against another compelling them to submit against their will to sexual intercourse, penetration, and other forms of sexual contact and violence. Those being forced against their will, include adults, minors, the unconscious and one who is mentally incapable of consenting.

Understanding Sexual Assault & Rape

Types Of Rape

Types Of Rape

Rape is a crime. Rape is always the fault of the perpetrator. There is no rape that is “easier” or “better” than another rape. Understanding the different types of rape can help us lower the risk of becoming a victim and raise awareness for victims.

Marital Rape

Healthy place  defines Marital rape as Partner rape, also known as spousal rape, a type of rape involving a person’s partner or previous partner (no matter whether the partners are married). There are three types of partner rape:

•Battering rape – involving both physical and sexual violence

•Force-only rape – involving the imposition of power and control over another

•Obsessive/Sadistic rape – involving torture and perverse sexual acts

Acquaintance Rape

ICASA’s definition of Acquaintance Rape is a sex crime committed by someone who knows the victim. It could be a friend, classmate, relative, co-worker. As a sex crime, acquaintance rape includes forced, manipulated or coerced sexual contact.

Stranger Rape

MESA divides Strager rape into three categories:

    1. 1Blitz sexual assault- The perpetrator rapidly and brutally assaults the victim with no prior contact. Blitz assaults usually occur at night in a public place.
    2. Contact sexual assault- The suspect contacts the victim and tries to gain her or his trust and confidence before assaulting her or him. Contact perpetrators pick their victims in bars, lure them into their cars, or otherwise try to coerce the victim into a situation of sexual assault.
    3. Home invasion sexual assault- When a stranger breaks into the victim’s home to commit the assault
Incest Rape

A sexual crime committed by a family member. Incest rape can also be statutory rape.

War Rape

A sexual crime used as a war strategy to psychologically, and culturally devastate an opponent during times of war.

Hate Rape

A sexual crime committed against a person because of their race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, or ideology.

Campus Rape

A sexual crime committed against a student attending an institution of higher education on campus or fraternity and sorority houses.

Gang Rape

A sexual crime committed by two or more people succinctly against one victim.

Statutory Rape

A sexual crime committed against a person below the age of consent.

Diminished Capacity Rape

A sexual crime against persons with limited physical or mental capacity.

The Victims

The Victims

Women and girls are always the primary victims of violence, including murder, sexual assault, and rape. According to the U.N. “violence against women is everywhere. Less then 40 percent of attacked women seek help; of them, less than 10 percent contact the police.

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More than 25 percent of girls worldwide are sexually abused and violated.

Data Source: Center for Disease Control (CDC)

Data Source: Center for Disease Control (CDC)


Data Source: Center for Disease Control (CDC)

Data Source: Center for Disease Control (CDC)

Women and girls living in Ethiopia, Peru, Bangladesh, and Tanzania are the most abused by someone they know.

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Data Source: World Health Organization Report on Violence Against Women.

The Offenders

The Offenders

Rapists are men and women and they come from all races, cultures, ethnic backgrounds, socioeconomic backgrounds, religions and are of all ages. According to RAINN, 3 out of 4 rapes occur by persons known to the victim. This includes relatives, friends, partners, co-workers, clergy officials and neighbors.

Who Are they?

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Does Going To Jail Rehabilitate Sex Offenders?

No! In fact, most sex offenders are highly likely to commit a crime while in jail and when they are released.

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The jail system is not designed and is a very poor way to rehabilitate a sex offender. Jails are for punishment not rehabilitation.

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Causes Of Sexual Assault & Rape

Causes Of Sexual Assault And Rape

There are many reasons why sex offenders commit sexual crimes and none of those reasons are the victim. EVER.21001d43-7c92-40bc-84d3-eb30df4c34fe

Some of the offenders were sexually abused themselves, while others have never abused.When asked about why they rape, some men felt that sex was owed to them since they financially supported a woman or did her a favor of some sort. The reasons can vary but here are a few:

  • Psychological and mental illness
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Religious justification
  • War tactic
  • Suffering domestic or sexual violence
  • Feeling “owed”
  • Sadism
  • Hate
  • Exertion of power
Effects Of Sexual Assault & Rape

Effects Of Sexual Assault And Rape

Sexual assault and rape have effects that can linger on well past the time of the crime. These can take a massive toll on the victim and disable them completely in many aspects of their lives. The effects of sexual assault and rape are physical and psychological.

Physical Effects On Victim

The physical effects of the victims of sexual assault and rape can include but are not limited to:

  • STDs
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Bruising
  • Bleeding (vaginal, anal or other)
  • Broken or dislocated bones
  • Internal damage
  • Pregnancy
Psychological Effects

The psychological effects on the victim can include but are not limited to:

  • Disorientation
  • PTSD
  • Shock
  • Self-harm
  • Depression
  • Flashbacks
  • Substance abuse
  • Eating disorders
  • Suicide
  • Dissociation
  • Self-blame
Emotional Effects

The emotional effects of sexual assault and rape can include but are not limited to:

  • Self-blame
  • Anger
  • Isolation
  • Fear
  • Embarrassment
  • Shame
  •  Numbness
Societal Effects

When a girl or a woman is sexually assaulted or raped, her whole world changes. These changes are not limited to her own body or thoughts. A victim’s relationships with their family, friends, co-wrokers, classmates, teachers, clergy and even strangers changes. The victim can become completely unproductive and lack trust for anyone around or can become immersed in their work or studies leaving no time for anything else which leads to estrangement.

According to the National Institute of Justice, crime victimization costs the United States $450 billion annually.  Rape is the most costly of all crimes to its victims, with total estimated costs at $127 billion a year (excluding the cost of child sexual abuse). In 2008, researchers estimated that each rape cost approximately $151,423 (DeLisi, 2010).

 

Sexual Violence Prevention Tool

Sexual Violence Prevention Tools

Sexual violence is 100% the fault of the perpetrator. At no time and under no circumstances is the victim ever to blame. There are ways to improve our own personal safety and lower our risk of becoming victims to sexual crimes. These include but are not limited to:

  • Self defense: depending on the was in your state and country, weapons of self defense should be on your person. This can be something as simple as pepper spray or a whistle and taking self defense classes. This is not necessarily to harm a perpetrator, but to inflict enough damage on them to allow you time to escape to a safe place.
  •  Alcohol Safety:
    • Never accept drinks from strangers or people you do not trust
    • If you are drinking with other people, make sure to take your drink with you even to the bathroom
    • Know your limit so you are fully aware of your surroundings and have full mental capabilities
  • Trust your instincts: this is a very simple way that can save your life in many different situations. If you are in a situation or around people that give you a “bad feeling” exit as soon and as safely as possible. Remember, you do not owe anyone an explanation for why you are uncomfortable or why you feel threatened. Your safety is your first priority.
  • Make sure your cell phone is always on you and is fully charged
  • Have a “code”: setup and practice a side word or phrase with your trusted family and friends that at anytime would indicate to them that you are in danger or are in a situation where sexual acts are being forced on you
  • Common sense: These are all things that your parents probably taught you!
    • Do not walk down dark alley ways alone.
    • Do not hitchhike. If your vehicle breaks down but is safe to stay inside, lock yourself in it and call for help.
    • Do not meet internet acquaintances in their homes or any place that is not a public and crowded place.
    • Be aware of your surroundings.

The CDC has put together a Technical Package To Prevent Sexual Violence. Share this with your family, school, workplace and Church.

Did You Know?

DID YOU KNOW?

The Average Child Molester Offends 200-400 Times Before Being caught

Most Sexual Offenses Are Committed By Family Members Or Acquaintances

Only 6 Out Of 1000 Perpetrators End Up In Prison

Every 109 Second, An American Is Sexually Assaulted

An Estimated 63,000 Children A Year Are Victims of Sexual Assault In The USA Alone

1 In 3 Women Experience Sexual Violence World Wide

Articles On Sexual Assault And Rape

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